As it seemed there are some questions raised today regarding Psalm 48 and Zion, I did a little more research on this Psalm. The following is adapted from Walvoord and Zuck (Commentator’s) of Dallas Theological Seminary
Zion is referred to 40 times or more in the Book of Psalms. In the Old Testament Zion was originally a Canaanite city conquered by David (2 Samuel). Later Zion refers to the temple area and then the entire city of Jerusalem. When you see the term Holy hill this is a synonym for the temple mount.
Psalm 48 is a song about Zion, the city of God, the great King. In praising God who loves Jerusalem, the psalmist sang of the city’s glory and security because the Lord delivered it from the enemy. On the basis of this, the Psalmist offered praise to God.
The Psalm appears to break down this way; the psalm begins with a summary of the theme: God, whose holy mountain, the city of Jerusalem, is greatly to be praised. The psalmist then describes this holy city. But the greatest feature of Zion is that God is in her citadels (city, castle, high place). Citadel was used to refer to strength and safety or fortress. The Hebrew word used here misgob, translates both as refuge and stronghold suggesting security and protections in a high, safe place of retreat.
The Psalmist goes on to describe the defeat of Zion’s enemies. Kings were assembled against her, but they were terrified. Many scholars believe this is a tribute to God’s deliverance of Jerusalem from the invading Assyrian armies (Isaiah 10; 33
The Psalmist offers praise to God for his unfailing love (the Hebrew word used here is hesed (loyal love) and righteousness. This God who had made them secure will be the God for believers forever!
Hope this helps to clarify things a little.
Until tomorrow – Be encouraged
Tomorrows reading, July 24th will be Hosea 1-7